An Overview Of Threat Hunting In Cybersecurity
By Tom Seest
Threat hunting is an active and proactive cybersecurity technique that detects new threats before they have a chance to infiltrate an organization’s network. Hunting can be done manually or through automated security tools.
It takes a team of highly-trained threat hunters and the time to dedicate to this task. Additionally, you must have an intimate knowledge of the IT environment as well as the capacity to think creatively.
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Table Of Contents
Cybersecurity threats refer to any actions or events which could harm a company’s system. These could include viruses, malware, phishing scams, hackers, and back doors.
Identifying potential cybersecurity threats is a crucial element of any security plan. It helps a team decide the most suitable course of action during an attack.
There are various methods for detecting potential threats in cybersecurity, including threat hunting. These tactics can be employed by any business to enhance their security posture and avert future incidents.
First and foremost, identify the type of threat you want to safeguard against. For instance, if your business provides financial services, then consider protecting against cyber-attacks that steal personal information from customers.
Another common risk is a hacker using malware to steal your business’ sensitive data. This type of risk can have serious repercussions for the financial stability of your enterprise.
If your business relies on computer systems, then you should consider hiring a cybersecurity consultant or agency for all the resources necessary to keep those systems secure. These organizations provide software, training, and patches that guarantee protection from threats.
To effectively identify threats, it’s essential to first comprehend their origin and why. Knowing these factors will enable your security team to prioritize which risks are most critical for your organization.
Some of the most frequent cybersecurity risks come from employees or insiders, malicious hackers, foreign adversaries, and natural disasters. While these threats may overlap in nature, their ultimate goal remains unchanged: to gain access to sensitive information so they can monetize it.
A professional consulting firm or cybersecurity agency can assess which threats your business is most vulnerable to and suggest the most suitable solution. They also assist in detecting and fixing any vulnerabilities that could allow malicious actors access to your system.
Once you identify the threat type you wish to protect against, it’s essential to prioritize risks based on their potential impact and the criticality level of your assets and applications. This can be a complex process; having adequate tools in place is key to making it successful.
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Hypotheses are rational, calculated assumptions that are tested through research and experiments. Their purpose is to uncover the relationship between variables and provide a logical explanation for events.
Research hypotheses are an integral component of the scientific method, and they serve to define the scope of further investigations. It’s essential to know how to compose a hypothesis statement correctly so that it appears reliable and justifiable enough for use in academic work.
First, ensure your hypothesis accurately reflects existing knowledge and theories on the topic. To do this, read previous studies and scientific experiments related to your area of research. Doing this will help identify any gaps in background understanding, which could be filled by answering your research question.
Next, construct a statement that clearly states your independent and dependent variables, as well as the prediction you wish to test. This can be done in either an if-then or a declarative form.
No matter which approach you take with your experiment, make sure your statement includes all variables and subjects involved. Doing this will guarantee that the outcomes confirm your hypothesis and provide evidence to back it up.
If you’re uncertain how to prove your hypothesis, speaking with a colleague or peer who has experience writing such an argument can be invaluable. They will offer helpful feedback and suggestions for improvements you can make.
Hypotheses are essential components of the scientific method, as they help predict what will happen during an experiment. Furthermore, conducting an objective and fair experiment that takes into account all data rather than just one set of numbers is essential for conducting a valid experiment.
Hypotheses can be divided into two categories: Alternative Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis. An alternative hypothesis is a claim that needs to be verified against reality in the real world, thus becoming known as an alternate truth that requires further testing to confirm.
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In short, an in-depth investigation is the process of identifying the best way to reduce the impact of a cybersecurity event on your IT environment. This can be achieved through employing appropriate tools (IDS, IPS, and antivirus management consoles) as well as implementing sound cyber hygiene policies and procedures (e.g., using a security incident report template).
This phase is the best way to uncover and fix your organization’s vulnerabilities before they cause major issues. With the information obtained during your comprehensive investigation, you can prioritize and eliminate threats that are most likely to lead to real-world (and costly) issues. The most critical part of the process is making sure this occurs quickly and efficiently. Regularly review and update your incident report template to stay abreast of your organization’s security posture. The report mentioned above must serve as the cornerstone of your security operations center (SOC), serving as a nexus for all information technology protection initiatives within your organization. It should be accessible to all relevant stakeholders, from executives to IT pros.
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Businesses that can quickly detect and remediate a cyber security breach will prevent it from progressing into a full-blown attack. This is essential, as a compromised system or network could result in financial loss, operational downtime, and client loss.
Businesses are encouraged to create a comprehensive cybersecurity plan in order to prevent and respond to attacks. This should include an incident response framework that will guide teams through each stage of the procedure, guaranteeing your organization is able to contain any threats posed by malicious actors.
A comprehensive incident response plan is the ideal way to minimize stress and frustration during a breach. It also enables teams to focus on their most pressing tasks while decreasing the chance of data loss.
According to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), cybersecurity incidents can be divided into four main stages: containment, eradication, recovery, and follow-up. Each stage has its own set of recommended actions that should be taken in order to protect your company’s assets and data.
During the containment phase, teams should work to minimize any damage by taking systems offline or isolating network traffic and turning them off. They should also capture volatile data before terminating operations; this data will enable them to retrace the attacker’s steps so they can be more proactive next time.
In addition to containment, teams should notify all affected parties. This includes internal employees and external stakeholders alike. It also ensures legal counsel receives proper notification and access to relevant documents and reports.
The eradication phase of an incident is the final step, and it involves eliminating any threats that have been introduced into the system. This may require the deletion of malware detected or require an extensive process to wipe out all remnants of that threat.
Before restoring systems and assets back to normal operations, it is essential that they are completely cleansed of any malware. This can be accomplished in several ways, such as eliminating the threat, wiping the system, or restoring from backup.
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