An Overview Of Vishing In Cybersecurity
By Tom Seest
Vishing is a type of phishing attack in which cybercriminals use voice communication to coerce victims into providing sensitive information. This data could be used for identity theft, account takeovers, and credit card fraudulence.
In these attacks, a caller pretends to be an employee of a reliable institution, such as a bank or government agency and uses automated voice messaging to collect details from victims. The purpose is usually to use that data for financial gain or the theft of trade secrets.
This photo was taken by Karolina Grabowska and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/shopping-cart-next-to-a-gift-box-5632395/.
Table Of Contents
- Are There Vishing Calls From Government Agencies In Cybersecurity?
- Are There Vishing Calls From Reputed Institutions In Cybersecurity?
- Are There Vishing Calls From Unknown Numbers In Cybersecurity?
- Are There Vishing Calls From Voip Numbers In Cybersecurity?
- Are There Vishing Calls From Automated Voice Numbers In Cybersecurity?
Vishing in cybersecurity is a type of social engineering that uses voice-based communications such as phone calls, emails, and text messages to gain access to confidential information or money. It has become an increasingly prevalent threat, particularly in an era when cyber attacks have grown increasingly sophisticated and numerous.
Vishing attacks aim to obtain sensitive data that can be used for identity theft and fraudulence. The perpetrator usually uses fear, greed, or an overwhelming sense of urgency in order to manipulate victims into providing their personal information.
One method is to dial specific area codes using voice software that generates fake phone numbers and hides an attacker’s identity. The tool then spoofs a victim’s caller ID profile so they believe they are receiving a call from a reliable entity such as their bank or credit card company.
This approach works best if the victim hangs up before providing any sensitive information to the caller. However, if they do call back, the vishing caller can hijack their next call and fake its dial tone in order to impersonate a trusted entity.
A successful vishing campaign typically uses a combination of phishing techniques, such as a spoofed robocall that announces an issue with the victim’s tax return. It also relies on fear, greed, and panic to induce fear into the target before they have time to verify who the caller really is.
This photo was taken by Mikhail Nilov and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-woman-in-black-leather-jacket-leaning-on-the-wall-8108552/.
The internet has revolutionized how we communicate, creating a virtual world that feels very much like our real one. This realm is known as cyberspace and was coined by author William Gibson.
It’s a vast network of computers connecting us all and storing all our data. Here, computers and smart devices are interacting in ways not possible elsewhere.
Cybersecurity is a hot topic right now, and for a good reason. The number of cyberattacks is on the rise, and the consequences can be costly.
Gemalto recently reported that between 2005 and 2015, higher education was the most frequent target of hackers. The number of breaches in this sector increased by 164 percent during that time frame.
Colleges and universities tend to be early adopters when it comes to digital tools and interfaces, making them particularly vulnerable to hacks that use the most recent technology.
To protect yourself against cybersecurity missteps, ensure your computers, smartphones, and smart appliances are up-to-date with the most up-to-date security software and patches. This will help stop most malware infections as well as data leaks or other nefarious activities in your workplace. It’s also wise to regularly back up your data in order to safeguard it from hackers searching for company secrets.
This photo was taken by Mikhail Nilov and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-woman-in-black-leather-jacket-sitting-near-the-sink-8108559/.
Vishing calls are attempts by criminals to obtain your personal information. They spoof the caller ID of your number and impersonate banks, government agencies, or tax authorities in an effort to gain control over you.
Scammers typically request your password, account number, PIN, or other personal details over the phone. They may even threaten you with account freezes or arrest warrants if you don’t comply.
Vishing can also take the form of phishing emails sent to victims. These may come from companies you already know or have dealt with, claiming you owe money or have won something and need your banking details in order to confirm it.
These attacks are designed to trick you into providing personal information, so it’s essential to detect them early and halt the phishing attempt before any harm can be done.
Never respond to unsolicited calls or voicemails from unknown numbers. These could be scams or urgent requests, so always wait for them to contact you through another medium before taking action.
Particularly if they claim to be from Medicare, IRS, SSA, or law enforcement, usually, they won’t contact people by phone or text message asking for their private information.
Cybercriminals use a range of techniques to access your data and accounts, but one particularly popular technique is vishing. It provides them with an opportunity to launch a larger attack against either your business or the organization.
This photo was taken by Mikhail Nilov and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-man-and-woman-sitting-on-the-floor-while-leaning-on-the-wall-with-graffiti-art-8108568/.
VoIP (Virtual Business Communications Technology) is an Internet-based virtual business communications solution that uses your Internet connection to enable calls, text messaging, and other connections. It has become increasingly popular in businesses with employees who need constant access to communication tools.
VoIP not only facilitates communication between users, but it also offers numerous other advantages. These include superior quality, scalability, and versatility.
However, VoIP numbers can still be vulnerable to social engineering attacks. These typically involve phishing pages that mimic an organization’s network login page in an effort to trick users into divulging sensitive information.
VoIP numbers, however, aren’t tied to a particular location and thus make them particularly vulnerable to vishing attacks. Unauthorized callers can utilize the number to make calls and send messages without using up any network capacity.
Therefore, they’re often the go-to option for scammers and robocalls. In January 2021, the FBI even issued a warning about a VoIP-based vishing attack targeting employees.
To obtain a VoIP number, all that’s necessary is an Internet connection and an app for either phone or computer. You have the option of choosing either a business-oriented number or a personal one; simply tap “Get a Business Number” and fill in your contact details. Alternatively, if desired, tap “Pick a different number.” You can change this at any time by logging into your account.
This photo was taken by Mikhail Nilov and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/people-wearing-black-clothes-in-front-of-graffiti-covered-wall-8108575/.
Vishing is the practice of voice or VoIP phishing to attempt to deceive a victim into sharing sensitive information, such as Social Security numbers, usernames and passwords, bank account details, or even network access data.
Vishing also involves the spoofing of caller IDs on individuals’ phone or email accounts, giving the impression that an attacker is representing a legitimate company or institution.
Attackers may impersonate an IT employee or ask for credit card information. These types of calls often carry false urgency and threaten dire consequences if you do not comply with their requests.
For instance, a scammer might call you and claim they work for Microsoft or Adobe. They’ll tell you your computer has an issue that needs remote access to be fixed, and once paid; they will gain access to your machine.
Telecoms may have fraud prevention systems in place, but these cannot detect all phishing calls. To protect yourself against becoming the victim of a vishing scam, ignore messages from unknown phone numbers and take precautions instead.
You can save yourself the trouble of listening to a recorded message by setting your phone’s “Do Not Disturb” feature, which automatically places calls in a voicemail if you are unavailable to answer them. Alternatively, set your smartphone to block unknown callers as well.
This photo was taken by Mikhail Nilov and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/woman-in-black-leather-jacket-and-pants-8108586/.