Securing Your Business with Threat Intelligence
By Tom Seest
At BestCybersecurityNews, we help entrepreneurs, solopreneurs, young learners, and seniors learn more about cybersecurity.
Operational threat intelligence provides security teams with indicators of compromise that allow them to effectively hunt and search for threats, such as malware hashes, suspicious domains, or technical indicators.
IBM X-Force Exchange is a dynamic intelligence feed that aggregates information from both public and gated sources, provides API-based automation, and allows users to explore insights before investing, ultimately allowing them to pay only for what they use.
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Censys’ platform empowers security and IT teams to gain a comprehensive view of their attack surface, mitigate exposures, implement best practice monitoring into security operations, and identify unknown threat methods that could pose severe dangers to critical infrastructure worldwide.
The platform leverages the Internet’s public infrastructure to identify devices, software, and domains and assess their security configurations. This information is regularly updated, allowing security professionals to protect public-facing assets against cyberattacks. Its database houses billions of email addresses, usernames, and passwords stolen from cybercriminals that have been exposed online.
Censys was established at the University of Michigan by its creators of ZMap and has deep ties in the security open source community, boasting robust tools to discover attack surfaces. Its advanced attribution engine combines seed data with intelligence from sensors worldwide to show relationships between objects on the Internet – giving security teams a quick and effective way of quickly identifying risks and taking appropriate actions against them.
Censys faces competition from Shodan and Zoomeye. Shodan provides information on devices connected to the Internet; Zoomeye provides data related to device security by tracking SSL certificates available and its search engine, allowing users to find any devices vulnerable to attacks that have not been adequately protected against attack.
Censys is a cyberspace search engine that records and analyzes Internet-wide scans of online devices and services, such as Zoomeye. The results include information such as OS versions, software vulnerabilities, open ports, and security flaws that could compromise a company’s weakest links – an invaluable asset when prioritizing vulnerability remediation efforts and prioritizing risks assessment efforts – or targeting attacks against such assets as well as providing insight into internal systems such as networks and databases.
ZoomEye is a cybersecurity tool that enables organizations to quickly identify and manage their attack surface. Security teams can quickly scan devices connected to networks, analyze vulnerability data that helps prioritize vulnerabilities and patch holes in defenses, identify attackers as well as their tools/tactics, and find unmanaged assets that attackers could exploit.
Its capabilities include a dynamic intelligence feed that compiles data from hundreds of sources into one high-fidelity set, automated workflows, and integration with existing systems via workbench; smart data visualization features make navigating dense information contained within the intelligence feed easy, while collaborative analysis is supported through this platform.
ZoomEye provides a visual query feature that breaks professional search syntax down into simpler language for easier user comprehension. Furthermore, ZoomEye allows subscribers to subscribe to targets of interest for dynamic tracking; subscription periods may be selected according to preference; graphs depicting dynamic trends can also be downloaded at any time for further study.
ZoomEye API offers a secure web service that provides convenient access to its features, data, and information over HTTPS. It enables developers to programmatically build apps and add-ons and automate tasks using its API; additionally, it includes a command-line interface to search and retrieve specific parameters, as well as advanced search options like IP, hostname, or MAC address searches.
Search functionality provided by this software covers various network devices and services, as well as OSINT tools like Xmap and Wmap, as well as supporting various forms of OSINT data like fingerprinting rules. Furthermore, cameras, printers, and operating systems cameras provide search capability via this software as well as IP addresses and domains discovered during its scan for servers involved in cyberattacks as well as discovering any active open devices discovering malware presence or status of web applications and databases using this software can all be monitored with this search tool.
Shodan is a search engine that discovers Internet-accessible devices, drawing significant attention from researchers and security professionals in the cybersecurity community. Shodan can be used passively for reconnaissance and to identify devices open to hacking by passively discovering what devices may be vulnerable to attack or exploitation – this tool is especially helpful in the case of IoT devices prone to attacks and exploitation.
Although designed to assist organizations in securing their networks, this tool does have some significant limitations. Most notable is its failure to scan every device on the internet and provide up-to-date information. Therefore, for optimal use, this tool should be utilized alongside others like penetration testing and patch management to quickly identify vulnerabilities so they can be quickly addressed by an audit process.
This tool searches devices on the public Internet and allows users to filter by operating system, software, and open ports. Additionally, it displays a list of services with their IP addresses, both active and unprotected; this data can be valuable for organizations as it reveals devices or services that have yet to be protected by passwords or encryption; additionally, it can also help track changes over time in search results.
Shodan offers more than just searching devices and services; in addition, it provides application distribution statistics as well as vulnerability scope analysis. Custom grabbers can also be created that are tailored specifically for specific tasks, such as scanning rare protocols. Furthermore, Shodan also offers on-demand scanning of IPs or addresses using “Credits,” its internal currency.
Even with its limitations, this tool remains useful in identifying potentially vulnerable devices and systems in your network. IoT devices such as IoT cameras often serve as sources for Distributed Denial of Service attacks; thus, it’s crucial that you understand their configuration so as to better defend them from cybercriminals.
The intelligence lifecycle is the process by which cybersecurity teams transform raw data into finished threat intelligence for decision-making and action. To gather the necessary intelligence, teams need to understand their needs and objectives before gathering pertinent sources such as traffic logs, public internet data, industry forums, social media posts, or subject matter experts. Once collected, this intelligence should be intelligently organized; an ideal threat intelligence platform should provide tools such as maps, graphs or timelines that help security teams interpret this information more quickly and easily.
FOFA is a cyberspace search engine designed to quickly locate IP assets and match them with network assets. This tool enables organizations to reduce the attack surface, speed up follow-up work processes, and assess impacts and scopes of vulnerabilities quickly and efficiently.
IP and domain searching and monitoring capabilities include searching and monitoring devices and services, web application scans to detect vulnerabilities, keyword searches to locate relevant documents, and fingerprint analysis capabilities. It’s free and compatible with most browsers – making it an excellent alternative to Shodan, which can be very bandwidth-intensive.
BinaryEdge, a machine learning-based security search engine, is another effective tool for threat intelligence. It gathers diverse information from public Internet sources and delivers real-time threat intelligence streams and reports. Features of BinaryEdge include verifying email addresses in data breaches, checking whether email addresses have been exposed in data breaches, validating certificates, and scanning for open ports, vulnerable services, or remote desktops – making this search engine indispensable in providing comprehensive threat intelligence reports and streams.
Other popular tools for threat intelligence include X-Force Exchange, Mandiant Intel Grid, and Shodan. X-Force Exchange is an IT security management solution that offers dynamic threat intelligence feeds as well as automated threat response workflows, compatible with most SIEM systems with its flexible application programming interface (API).
Mandiant Intel Grid is an incident response and threat intelligence platform designed to assist organizations in detecting and mitigating threats. It stands out from competitors by seamlessly integrating with multiple security systems; its knowledge repository contains insight gained from over 900 incident response engagements annually; pricing models depend on subscription or use.
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